they were co-supportive.
but had we not had the industrial revolution, the ‘’enlightenment’’ would have fizzled out and been suppressed by entrenched values of church and state — -the controlling bodies until the 1700s
Mr Pinker, in his laudable optimism, gives little credit to the supreme driving force of our current age of ‘’happiness and plenty’’ — -the availability of cheap surplus energy derived from oil coal and gas. — -that somehow human nature has altered in the last 50 years or so — -it hasn’t
Fossil fuels upset the balance of power across nations, and created the debt based paradise in which we exist today. How? because industry created factories and sucked in millions of workers from peasantry into factories and mines, and created vast cities that needed ongoing support to keep them viable
To do that meant creating the debt-economy that allows us to steal from our future to live the fantasy of today. We have diverse employment only because we burn fuel to deliver jobs and pay high wages.
But wages are merely tokens of energy exchange — -the illusion of plenty has suppressed what we are. when our store of fossil fuels has been consumed, we will revert to our true nature, where we must take in order to survive